• Sublime and overt use of the supernatural.

  • Characters are at the mercy of forces outside their control.

  • Motif of the double: the individual with both evil and good characteristics.

  • Landscapes of dark forests, concealed ruins, or depressed characters.

  • Sin, pain, and evil exist.

  • Individuals are prone to sin and self-destruction, and are not inherently divine or wise.

  • The natural world is dark, decaying, and mysterious; when truths are revealed to mankind, these revelations are evil and hellish.


Nathaniel Hawthorne

Herman Melville

Edgar Allan Poe

Page updated 8/01/15.