• Uncover truths; explore the ugliness of America.

  • Concerned with social change like worker's rights.

  • Focus on real, everyday life and events that were ordinary and typical.

  • Celebrates the individual.

  • Rejects imagination.

  • Interest in the scientific method; de-emphasis on mysticism.

  • View of nature as powerful and indifferent beyond man's control.


L. Frank Baum

Rebecca Harding Davis

William Dean Howells

Henry James

Upton Sinclair

John Steinbeck

Page updated 8/01/15.