• Disillusionment characterized by lost faith, lost values, lost belief in the idea of human progress, and a mood of futility and despair leading to hedonism.

  • Self-exile, indulgence (care-free living); spiritual alienation.


Sherwood Anderson

T. S. Eliot

F. Scott Fitzgerald

Ernest Hemingway

Eugene O'Neill

John Dos Passos

Gertrude Stein

Page updated 8/01/15.